Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Areas of Study | | PHYS142 syllabus




COURSE NUMBER: PHYS142
COURSE TITLE:Physical Science II
DIVISION:Sciences
IAI CODE(S): P9 900L
SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS:4
CONTACT HOURS:75
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT HOURS:180
DELIVERY MODE:In-Person, Hybrid

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
PHYS 142 is an introductory course in geology, meteorology and astronomy. Emphasis is placed on the basic concepts of these sciences for a better understanding of the earth, atmosphere, and the universe. The course is taught using active and cooperative learning techniques. Students will be expected to work in teams to produce several projects. The course intended for non-science majors. Class consists of three hours of lecture and 2 hours lab or equivalent material delivered online.

PREREQUISITES:
Placement into ENGL101 and MATH108 or completion of MATH107 with a C or better.

NOTES: A lab is required for this course. Some sections will require a separate lab, while other sections will include the lab. It is helpful if students have some experience with Microsoft Word, PowerPoint and Excel.


STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Explain fundamental concepts associated with astronomical, meteorological, and geological phenomena
  • Identify and use reliable sources and tools from the internet to research and understand concepts in astronomy, meteorology, and geology.
  • Interpret and apply astronomical, meteorological, and geological concepts to phenomena they will encounter in their daily lives
  • Demonstrate knowledge of astronomical, meteorological, and geological terminology sufficient to learn from and evaluate current news and other media.
  • Collect and interpret data and present conclusions while working as a member of a team

TOPICAL OUTLINE:

This section contains an outline of the major topics covered in the course.

  • Geology 4-5 weeks
    • Minerals and their uses
      • identification of selected minerals
      • Moh's scale
      • streak test
      • physical properties of minerals
    • Crystal structure of selected minerals
      • formation of diamond and graphite
      • silicate and non-silicate minerals
      • common elements in the earth's crust
      • ores
    • Rock types
      • the rock cycle
      • rock identification in the laboratory
    • Formation of the earth and the earth's interior
      • layers and seismic waves
      • crust
      • mantle and core
      • isostasy and mountains
      • magnetic field
      • cause
      • plate tectonics
      • evidence
      • sea floor spreading
      • Wegner-Pangaea
      • hot spots and the Hawaiian chain of volcanoes
      • types of plate boundaries
      • terranes and California
      • continental drift and ancient climates
      • cyclothems and coal beds
      • glaciers in Africa
    • Diastrophism, orogenies and mountain building
      • stress and strain
      • synclines and anticlines
      • faults
      • types
      • earthquakes
      • the Richter scale
      • some major quakes
      • local fault zones and quakes
      • epicenter
      • the 3-circle method of locating quakes
      • seismographs
      • volcanoes, 3 major types
      • subducting plates and volcanoes
      • hot spots
      • calderas
      • Yellowstone National Park
      • some major eruptions
    • Weathering and erosion
      • steams and rivers-local rivers and types
      • ground water
      • wells
      • aquifers
      • glaciers
      • pleistocene glaciation locally - features such as moraines and erratics
      • theories on the cause of the ice ages
      • the Teays buried river system as a source of water for this area
      • study of topographic maps
  • Astronomy 4-5 weeks
    • Ancient ideas
      • Stonehenge
      • the Zodiac
      • Celestial locations - zenith, meridian, altitude; parallax, the parsec
      • star magnitude and temperature
    • Spectral types of stars
      • the H-R diagram
      • evolution of stars
      • Red Giants and White Dwarfs
      • neutron stars
      • galaxies
      • the red shift and expansion of the universe
      • the Big-Bang theory
    • The Solar System
      • geocentric and heliocentric models
      • movement
      • retrograde movement of Mars
      • relative size of the planets
      • some remarkable features of some planets
      • Kepler's Laws
      • Bode's Law
      • origin of the Solar system
      • Surface features of Mars and Venus
      • the Galilean Moons
      • comets
      • meteorites and the asteroid belt
      • space probes and new views of Jupiter and Saturn
    • Size and shape of the Earth
      • Eratosthenes the seasons
      • cause
      • movements of the Sun
      • Foucault Pendulum
      • precession and the Zodiac
      • latitude and longitude
      • time and date around the Earth
      • sundials
      • time zones
      • lunar phases and features
  • Meteorology 4-5 weeks
    • The atmosphere, composition, pressure; the barometer
      • layers
      • the stratosphere
      • wind
      • global circulation-desert zones
      • doldrums
      • Bermuda high
      • relative humidity
      • dew point
      • cloud formation
      • types of clouds-stratus
      • cumulus
      • fog
      • rainbows
    • Air Masses
      • weather fronts
      • storms
      • tornadoes
      • hurricanes
      • cumulonimbus clouds
      • hail
      • lightning
      • weather maps and forecasting
      • Cloud formation and type
LAB Activities:
Lab Text/Manual Title: NONE
# Activity Title Description of Lab Student Outcome/Skills Delivery Mode Activity Time (hrs)

1 hr = 50 mins

Time includes introductions to lab
1 Safety & Procedures/Ob-Certainers Lab This lab reviews safety information, laboratory policies, and procedures.

This lab is the traditional black box lab in which students must develop and implement a strategy for “measuring” the internal structure of the black box.
  • Students will be able to safely conduct a lab.
  • Students will apply an understanding of the scientific method.
  • Student will apply the scientific method to an unknown environment.
Face to Face 2
2 Geology Lab: Minerals and Rocks This lab is primarily concerned with identifying minerals. Six characteristics are obtained for each mineral (streak color, hardness, color and features, luster, cleavage/fracture, and density). This lab also explores the rock types by making use of comparisons and contrasts.
  • Students will be able to distinguish between a mineral and rock.
  • Students will be able to make use of hardness, luster, fracture and density to identify a mineral.
  • Students will be able to calculate density from experimental measures of weight and area.
  • Students will be able to distinguish between the rock types.
  • Students will be able to describe the rock cycle.
  • Students will be able to describe the theory for the formation of the Earth.
Face to Face 2
3 Plate Tectonics: Exploring Density, Earth’s Interior & Ocean Floors This lab explores density and its relationship with the structure of the Earth’s interior. It also requires students to explore ocean floor geology, relating these features to plate tectonic effects.
  • Students will be able to explain the relationship between density and layering.
  • Students will be able to explain why the various layers of the earth contain certain compositions.
  • Students will be able to describe how plate tectonics formed geological features.
  • Students will be able to ocean floor maps.
  • Students will be familiar with ocean floor geology for the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic.
Face to Face 2
4 Geology Lab: Faults and Earthquakes This lab is used to learn more about faults and earthquakes.

Sample data is given for students to locate the epicenter of an earthquake.
  • Students will interpret seismograph data to locate the epicenter of an earthquake.
  • Students will be able to distinguish between primary and secondary waves.
Face to Face & Online 2
5 Geology Lab: Geologic Time This makes use of constructive learning, allowing for exploration of the basics of geologic time, including the different divisions (eon through epoch), and some information about the Earth in those different historic times.
  • Students will be able to visual geological time.
  • Students will be able to convert units.
  • Students will become familiar to geological eras and age.
Face to Face & Online 2
6 Geology Lab: Topographic Maps In this lab, the students will construct a landmass and develop a topographic map.
  • Students will gain an understanding of topographic maps.
  • Student will develop a topographic map.
Face to Face & Online 2
7 Meteorology Lab: Exploring Air Pressure This lab makes use of constructive learning, allowing students to explore the weight of air and forces resulting from air pressure.
  • The student will develop an understanding of the effects of air pressure.
  • The student will explore the concept that air pressure exerts forces.
  • The student will explore the concept that air has weight.
Face to Face & Online 2
8 Meteorology Lab: Air Pressure & Clouds After reviewing air pressure, student will make measurement of surface area contact and tire pressure to calculate the weight of car.
  • Students will extend the exploration of air pressure lab to a practical experience.
  • Students will develop an understanding of pressure and the effects of air pressure.
  • Students will be able to distinguish between pressure and force.
  • Students will be able apply the pressure equation (to calculate weight of car).
  • Students will connect air pressure to air masses, wind patterns, cloud formation, and weather patterns.
  • Students will be able to identify basic cloud types.
Face to Face 2
9 Meteorology Lab: Weather Measurement Students will make use of barometers, thermometers, psychrometers, and windometers to make weather measurements to assess atmospheric conditions.
  • Students will become familiar with tools used for weather forecasting.
  • Students will be able to read several of the instruments and devices used to measure atmospheric conditions.
Face to Face 2
10 Meteorology Lab: Weather Forecasting Tools and Instruments This exercise allows students to learn how to use modern weather forecasting sites over the Internet, understand various data collected by weather stations, and practice course material related to lapse rate, temperature conversions, and other meteorological data.

Students also learn about the physical instruments (present and historical) used to collect weather-related data.
  • Students will become familiar with modern forecasting websites.
  • Students will interpret weather station data.
  • Students will apply lapse rate, temperature conversions, and other meteorological data to forecasting.
Face to Face & Online 2
11 Meteorology Lab: Climate This lab introduces students to the basics of different climate zones and types, as well as allowing some understanding of how large and small scale features affect climate of global and local scopes.
  • Students will be able to distinguish climate zones.
  • Student will gain an understanding of how large and small scale features affect climate of global and local scopes.
Face to Face 2
12 Meteorology Lab: Frontal Storms & Density This lab makes use of constructive learning, allowing students to explore the relationship of temperature and density. This relationship is then applied to fronts.
  • Students will explore the relationship between temperature and density.
  • Students will gain an understanding of air masses and weather.
  • Students will be able to physically visualize the results of cold and warm air meeting.
  • Students will distinguish between cold, warm and stationary fronts as well as the associated weather.
Face to Face & Online 2
13 Astronomy Lab: Stellar Evolution and Populations

(HR Diagram, Parallax, Light Spectrum)
This lab allows students to investigate the different classes of stars, as well as understand and visualize the enormous number of stars in the galaxy and universe.
  • Students will be able to visualize largest of universe
  • Students will be able to describe the relationship between star colors and temperature
  • Students will be able to interpret the Hetzsprung-Russell Diagram
  • Students will be able to calculate the lifetime of star.
  • Students will be able to define and explain parallax.
  • Students will be able to apply parallax to distance calculations.
  • Students will model to scale the solar system.
  • Students will gain basic Excel skills.
  • Students will be able to describe how we know the composition of stars and Doppler’s effect.
Face to Face & Online 2
14 Astronomy Lab: Solar System Model (Scaling) This lab has students determine measurements for a scale model of the solar system, improving their organization, research, and Excel skills.
  • Students will be able to visualize largest of universe
  • Students will be able to describe the relationship between star colors and temperature
  • Students will be able to interpret the Hetzsprung-Russell Diagram
  • Students will be able to calculate the lifetime of star.
  • Students will be able to define and explain parallax.
  • Student will develop basic research and presentation skills.
  • Student will be able to apply the concept of a ratio.
Face to Face & Online 2
15 Astronomy Lab: Planetary Models & Seasons This lab exercise will help the student understand why there are four different seasons, latitude and longitude will also be studied.
  • Students will be able to explain the cause of the four seasons using appropriate terminology.
  • Students will be able to define and sketch the equinoxes and solstices.
  • Students will be able to explain the significance of the Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Artic Circle and Antarctic Circle.
  • Students will be able to locate a city by its longitude and latitude.
Face to Face 2
16 Astronomy Lab: Moon Phases and Visible Features on the Moon This lab will study the phases of the moon and the cause for the phase. Features of the moon, lunar gravity, and tides are also discussed.
  • Students will be able to explain the cause of the phases of the moon.
  • Students will be able to identify basic geological features of the moon.
  • Students will gain an understanding of the lunar gravity.
Face to Face 2
Total Hours 31


TEXTBOOK / SPECIAL MATERIALS:

Physical Science, 12th Edition. Bill W. Tillery. McGraw-Hill Publishers.

Web access required.

See bookstore website for current book(s) at https://www.dacc.edu/bookstore

EVALUATION:

The evaluation of a student's progress in attaining course objectives is measured by 3 major exams in the lecture and periodic testing in lab.

The evaluation of a student's progress in attaining course objectives is measured by the following tasks and their weightings:
Quizzes and assignments
Three exams
Group projects/Presentations
Comprehensive Final Exam
27%
30% (10% each)
18%
25%

Grading Scale:
A- 90-100%
B- 80-89%
C- 70-79%
D- 60-69%
F- Below 60%


BIBLIOGRAPHY:

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE:
Membership in the DACC community brings both rights and responsibility. As a student at DACC, you are expected to exhibit conduct compatible with the educational mission of the College. Academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, cheating and plagiarism, is not tolerated. A DACC student is also required to abide by the acceptable use policies of copyright and peer-to-peer file sharing. It is the student’s responsibility to become familiar with and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct as contained in the DACC Student Handbook. The Student Handbook is available in the Information Office in Vermilion Hall and online at: https://www.dacc.edu/student-handbook

DISABILITY SERVICES:
Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Testing & Academic Services Center at 217-443-8708 (TTY 217-443-8701) or stop by Cannon Hall Room 103. Please speak with your instructor privately to discuss your specific accommodation needs in this course.

REVISION:
Fall 2019

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