Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Note: some or all of the courses in the subjects marked as "Transfer" can be used towards a transfer degree: Associate of Science and Arts or Associate of Engineering Science at DACC. Transferability for specific institutions and majors varies. Consult a counselor for this information.

Areas of Study | | PEMW158 syllabus

COURSE TITLE:Personal Training II: Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals

This class will give students the foundational knowledge they will need to complete their personal training certification. This is a class designed in a comprehensive topic of exercise science. However, it is focused on topics and set at a level of expertise to those individuals aspiring to become fitness professionals. Each of the topics studied will help you identify areas that require additional study time and more focused attention.

GSCI105 is recommended.

Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Apply knowledge of (Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive, Skeletal, Nervous, Muscular, and Endocrine Systems) in the most basic form of human anatomy and concepts as it relates to exercise fitness professionals by:
    • Discussing common anatomical, directional, regional, and structural terms as they apply to the body.
    • Describing the function of the cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive and skeletal systems.
    • Explaining the structure and function of joints and types of movements performed at each joint in relationship to the plane of motion.
    • Describing structures and function of the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system.
    • Listing the different types of muscle tissue, and muscle fiber types.
    • Identifying muscles that act at the following joints: scapulothoracic articulation, shoulder, elbow, wrist, trunk, hip, knee, and ankle.
    • Listing the principle of the endocrine glands.
  • Build a good foundation in exercise physiology that will help students make appropriate decisions for client assessments and exercise programming based on client’s health, fitness, goals, and responses to exercise by:
    • Listing the four major components of physical fitness.
    • Describing the three primary processes that influence cardiorespiratory endurance and the importance of cardiac output and how to measure it.
    • Discussing the body’s acute response to aerobic exercise and chronic training adaptations to aerobic exercise.
    • Discussing neuromuscular physiology and influence of muscle-fiber types.
    • Identifying the role of hormonal responses to exercise.
    • Identifying adaptations to make when exercising in heat, cold , high altitude, and air pollution.
    • Explaining the influence of age, gender, and pregnancy on physical performance and training response.
  • Apply a working knowledge of applied kinesiology and body function in order to develop individualized programs that are safe, effective, and compatible for the client by:
    • Explaining the application of the law of inertia, law of acceleration, and law of reaction to human movement.
    • Defining actions that occur in each plane of motion.
    • Discussing the relationship between the body’s first, second and third-class lever systems and respective muscle force production as they relate to resistance training.
    • Differentiating the types of muscle force production as they relate to resistance training.
    • Explaining open vs. closed kinetic chain activities.
    • Describing the effect of line of gravity and base of support on balance and posture.
    • Discussing muscles and movements of the lower extremity.
    • Identifying neural alignment and common types of misaligned posture: kyphosis-lordosis posture, flat-back posture, swayback posture, and scoliosis.
    • Discussing muscles and movements of the core.
    • Discussing muscles and movements of the upper extremity.
    • Interpreting the effect of obesity on postural balance and walking gait.
    • Explaining the influences of age on body mechanics.
  • Discuss nutrition guidance and give recommendations within their scope of practice to individuals who are eager to begin an exercise program to improve health, overall fitness and/or body composition. A grasp on basic nutrition principles will help the fitness professional to better understand the interplay between diet and exercise by:
    • Describing the structure, function, and source of macronutrients (ie. carbs, protein and fat).
    • Describing the role and requirements of micronutrients (ie. vitamins, and minerals) and water.
    • Discussing the physiology and process of digestion and absorption.
    • Identifying federal dietary recommendations of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Reference Intakes.
    • Discussing the structure goals and usage of MyPlate.
    • Interpreting and analyze food labels.
  • Apply their knowledge of exercise science into the practical application of designing and implementing one-on-one training or group fitness classes in order to present cardiorespiratory, resistance, and flexibility principles that can be applied during a training session (acute response) and for the progression (chronic adaptation) of an exercise program by:
    • Discussing cardiorespiratory response to exercise and the role of autonomic nervous system in this response.
    • Describing hormonal response to acute exercise.
    • Explaining use of macronutrients for fuel during exercise.
    • Discussing performance characteristics related to muscle contractility and fatigue.
    • Discussing thermoregulation response to acute and chronic exercise.
    • Describing the cardiorespiratory, neural, and hormonal changes in response to chronic exercise.
    • Identifying the effects of training including general adaptation syndrome, overtraining, and delayed onset muscle soreness.
    • Defining general fitness training principles including specificity, overload and progression, diminishing returns and reversibility.
    • Discussing changes in muscular structure and function as a response to chronic exercise.
    • Discussing neurological properties of stretching.

  • Human Anatomy (Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Digestive, Skeletal, Nervous, Muscular, and Endocrine) system.
  • Exercise Physiology
  • Fundamentals of Applied Kinesiology
  • Nutrition
  • Physiology of Training


ACE’s Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals (2010, 2011, 2012) Cedric Bryant, Daniel Green Calif:San Diego

See bookstore website for current book(s) at

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Fall 2019

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