Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Areas of Study | | BIOL137 syllabus




COURSE NUMBER: BIOL137
COURSE TITLE:Anatomy and Physiology II
DIVISION:Sciences
SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS:4
CONTACT HOURS:75
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT HOURS:180
DELIVERY MODE:In-Person, Hybrid

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
A continuation of Part I of Anatomy and Physiology which includes the somatic and special senses; endocrine system; cardiovascular system; lymphatic system; digestive system; nutrition; respiratory system; urinary system; fluid, electrolyte, and pH balance; reproductive system. Human cadaver utilization in lab.

PREREQUISITES:
BIOL136 with a grade of C or better.

NOTES: A lab is required for this course. Students may need time outside of class to study in the lab. Anyone taking BIOL137 with BIOL140 during the same semester should be a strong student with good study habits and adequate study time. Students taking the hybrid class should be strong independent learners.


STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Describe the anatomy and physiology of the human body from the chemical level to the systemic level.
  • Compare and contrast normal structure and function to abnormalities to understand
  • Define anatomical and physiological terminology of the human body.
  • Explain the complex physiological interactions at the cellular, histological, and gross levels of the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory systems.
  • Identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person.
  • Demonstrate the ability to work cooperatively as a member of a team.
  • Demonstrate proper use of lab equipment.

TOPICAL OUTLINE:
  • Week One:Somatic and Special Senses
    • Somatic sensation; gustation; olfaction; Eye: external and internal structures and their functions; vision; vision abnormalities. Ear: external, middle, and inner ear structures; hearing; static equilibrium; dynamic equilibrium
  • Week Two: Endocrine System
    • Characteristics of steroid vs. nonsteroid hormones; target organs & feedback control; hypothalamic control; anterior and posterior pituitary and their respective hormones, functions and controls
  • Week Three: Endocrine System
    • Structure and function of thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal cortex & medulla, pancreas, and gonads
  • Week Four: Cardiovascular System
    • Blood composition; hematopoiesis; blood cells and functions; hemostasis; coagulation; blood typing
  • Week Five: Cardiovascular System
    • Structure & function of heart; cardiac cycle; cardiac conduction system; electrocardiogram; pulse and blood pressure; cardiovascular physiology
  • Week Six: Cardiovascular System
    • Histology of blood vessels; arterial & venous circulation including major arteries and veins; capillary exchange
  • Week Seven: Lymphatic System
    • Lymph composition and formation; lymphatic vessels; lymph nodes and ducts; tonsils; spleen; nonspecific defense mechanisms. Immune response: lymphocyte types and functions, immunoglobulins; active and passive immunity; applications such as allergic reaction, AIDS, and autoimmune disorders
  • Week Eight: Digestive System
    • Organic and inorganic constituents of food; digestive enzymes; tissue layers of GI tract
  • Week Nine: Digestive System
    • Structure and function of alimentary canal and accessory structures (including teeth, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas); nutrient absorption
  • Week Ten: Nutrition
    • Uses/sources of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, water in the body. Basal metabolism. Basic nutrition guidelines and health consequences of imbalances
  • Week Eleven: Respiratory System
    • Respiratory tract; respiratory physiology; chest movements & pressure variations during ventilation; gas exchange; CO2/O2 transport; neural control of respiration; factors influencing respiratory rate and depth
  • Week Twelve: Urinary System
    • Anatomy of urinary tract; gross & microscopic structure of kidney; glomerular filtration; tubular resorption; tubular secretion; functions related to specific regions of nephron; mechanisms controlling urine volume & blood pressure; micturition; urine composition
  • Week Thirteen: Fluid, Electrolyte & pH Balance
    • Fluid compartments; composition of fluids within each compartment; control of water movement between compartments; fluid intake vs. output; control of electrolyte movement between compartments; acidity vs. alkalinity; buffer systems
  • Week Fourteen: Reproductive System
    • Male reproductive organs and external genitalia; duct system; accessory glands; spermatogenesis; semen formation and release
    • Female reproductive organs and external genitalia; menstrual cycle; rationale behind birth control methods; fertilization and early development

Weekly Lab Outline Biology 137 Anatomy and Physiology
Students will be able to:

Lab Text/Manual Title: Laboratory Investigations in Anatomy & Physiology: Main Version, Benjamin Cummings
Activity Title: Description of Lab: Student Outcome/Skills: Delivery Method: Activity Time (hrs)
Lab 1: Special Senses Identify the gross anatomical features of the sensory organs and accessory structures for the special senses: olfaction, gestation, vision, hearing, and equilibrium using models. Describe the neural pathway for the special senses. Understand and explain the physiology of the sensory organs. Perform simple tests to assess the function of the special senses: olfaction, gestation, vision and hearing. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 2: Special Senses II Dissect a cow eye and describe its anatomy. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 3: Blood Lab Identify all blood cell types using the light microscope. Describe the functions of blood and of all blood cell types. Understand how blood types are determined. Be able to determine compatible donor from incompatible donor. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Explain the complex physiological interactions at the cellular, histological, and gross levels of the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory systems. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 4: Heart Lab Describe the location of the heart in the thoracic cavity. Provide details on the arrangement of tissues of the pericardium and the wall of the heart. Locate the major internal and external structures of the heart using models. Describe coronary circulation. Describe the flow of blood through the heart. Distinguish between pulmonary and systemic circuits. Dissect a sheep heart and compare its structure to the human heart. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 5: Pulse, Heart Sounds, Blood Pressure, EKG Use a stethoscope to listen to the heart sound at the auscultation areas. Measure blood pressure. Measure pulse. Measure and evaluate the electrical activity of the heart (ECG). Demonstrate proper use of lab equipment. Explain the complex physiological interactions at the cellular, histological, and gross levels of the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory systems. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 6: Arteries & Veins Identify the three tissue layers in the wall of a blood vessels using the microscope. Describe the difference between an artery and a vein when viewed in cross section. Compare the structure and function of various types of blood vessels. Identify the major arteries and veins using models and the cadaver. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 7: Arteries & Veins; Review Describe major blood pathways of the systemic circulation. Identify these pathways using models and the cadaver. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Demo & Hands-on 2.5
Lab 8: Lab Practical Demonstrate competency in lab material (lab 1 through 7)   Exam 2.5
Lab 9: Respiratory System Identify the gross anatomy of the upper and lower respiratory tracts using models. Identify the specialized microscopic structures of the respiratory tissues. Measure and calculate the various respiratory volumes and capacities. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 10: Digestive System Identify the various main and accessory organs of the digestive system. Recognize the microscopic feature of digestive system organs. Identify digestive system organs using cadavers. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Demo & Hands-on 2.5
Lab 11: Urinary System Identify the gross and microscopic anatomy of the urinary system. Perform a urinalysis test. Measure specific gravity. Identify abnormal characteristics of urine. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Demonstrate proper use of lab equipment. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 12: Reproductive System & Meiosis Identify the male and female reproductive organs

Observe urinary and reproductive anatomy using models
Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 13: Cadaver Search Identify anatomical structures on male and female cadavers. Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Demo & Hands-on 2.5
Lab 14: Cadaver Search Identify anatomical structures on male and female cadavers Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 15: Review Lab Review material from labs 9-14 on models and cadavers Locate, identify, and correctly spell anatomical structures and functions for the special senses, endocrine, blood, cardiovascular, lymphatic, digestive, nutrition, urinary system, fluids and electrolytes, reproductive and respiratory on models, cadavers and on a living person. Hands-on 2.5
Lab 16: Lab Practical Demonstrate competency in lab material (labs 9-14)   Exam 2.5
Total lab contact hours: 40

TEXTBOOK / SPECIAL MATERIALS:

Shier, David, Jackie Butler, and Ricki Lewis (2014). Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology. 14th Edition. Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown

Laboratory Manual: Sarikas (2010). Laboratory Investigations in Anatomy & Physiology: Main Version, Benjamin Cummings; or self-written handouts.

Supplemental packets or notes prepared by instructors.


EVALUATION:
6 Lecture Exams
Lab Practicals
Quizzes, in Lecture or Lab
Lab Activities and Assignments
1 Comprehensive (Lab and Lecture Material) Final Exam
45%
25%
5%
5%
20%

Grading Scale:
A- 90%-100%
B- 80%-89%
C- 70%-79%
D- 60%-69%
F- Below 60%

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE:
Membership in the DACC community brings both rights and responsibility. As a student at DACC, you are expected to exhibit conduct compatible with the educational mission of the College. Academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, cheating and plagiarism, is not tolerated. A DACC student is also required to abide by the acceptable use policies of copyright and peer-to-peer file sharing. It is the student’s responsibility to become familiar with and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct as contained in the DACC Student Handbook. The Student Handbook is available in the Information Office in Vermilion Hall and online at: https://www.dacc.edu/student-handbook

DISABILITY SERVICES:
Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Testing & Academic Services Center at 217-443-8708 (TTY 217-443-8701) or stop by Cannon Hall Room 103. Please speak with your instructor privately to discuss your specific accommodation needs in this course.

REVISION:
Fall 2019

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