Course Descriptions & Syllabi

Course Descriptions & Syllabi

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Note: some or all of the courses in the subjects marked as "Transfer" can be used towards a transfer degree: Associate of Science and Arts or Associate of Engineering Science at DACC. Transferability for specific institutions and majors varies. Consult a counselor for this information.

Areas of Study | | BIOL102 syllabus




COURSE NUMBER: BIOL102
COURSE TITLE:Principles of Biology
DIVISION:Sciences
IAI CODE(S): L1 910L BIO 910
SEMESTER CREDIT HOURS:4
CONTACT HOURS:90
STUDENT ENGAGEMENT HOURS:180
DELIVERY MODE:In-Person, Hybrid

COURSE DESCRIPTION:
This is a one semester preparatory course for students planning to do further study in science. A wide variety of biological topics will be covered that will introduce students to fundamental concepts of biology including, but not limited to: cell structure and function, genetics, metabolism, etc. Class meets 3 lecture hours per week, and 2 lab hours. This class is the first semester in a sequence (including BIOL103) that can be used to transfer as a biology majors introductory course, but will also stand alone as a life science with a lab.

PREREQUISITES:
Placement into MATH107 and ENGL101

NOTES: A lab is required for this course. Some sections will require a separate lab, while other sections will include the lab. This course covers scientific material quickly. Some sections have a computer based component.

STUDENT LEARNING OUTCOMES:
Upon completion of this course, students will be able to:
  • Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem
  • Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting
  • Describe and/or identify the basic intermolecular forces associated with biological systems as used to build macromolecules and stabilize important structures
  • Give multiple examples of how organisms work to maintain homeostasis, including but not limited to
    • enzymes
    • osmoregulation
    • buffers
    • use of biomolecules
    • biochemical pathways
  • Explain the concepts surrounding the inheritance of genetic material and expression of genes
  • Identify and/or utilize concepts, ideas, and technology in current events that relate to course/lab work

TOPICAL OUTLINE:
  • Introduction to Biology (5% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the scientific process as well as the diversity of life on our planet
    • This topic will include a discussion of what is alive
  • Basic Chemistry (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with introductory ideas of chemistry from a biological perspective
    • material will include elements common to biology
      • electronegativity
      • bonds
      • pH
      • buffers
  • Organic Molecules (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the macromolecules associated with biology
      • We will cover their structure
      • how they are built and broken down
      • examples
      • their role in the body
      • any specific characteristics unique to the biological molecules
  • Enzymes and Energy (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the major concepts of thermodynamics and how these concepts apply to a biological system
    • This topic will also introduce enzymes and how they function in a living organism
  • Photosynthesis (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the process of photosynthesis; material will include
      • where it occurs
      • how it occurs
      • the stages
      • the reactants and products of the stages
      • how it is used
      • the different processes used in plants such as photorespiration
      • CAM
      • C4 plants
  • Cellular Respiration (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the process of cellular respiration; material will include:
      • where it occurs
      • which organisms use it
      • why it is used
      • the stages
      • the reactants and products of the stages
      • different molecules that can be broken down during cellular respiration
      • the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  • Cell Structure and Function (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the different types of cells
      • what they do
      • what structures are typically associated with the different cell types
      • what those structures do in each cell
  • Cell Transport (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the cell membranes and their properties
      • we will discuss types of transport and when each is used
      • a thorough discussion of osmosis and its importance in maintaining homeostasis will be included
      • we will end with a brief discussion of cell communication
  • Cell cycle and Cell division (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with the cell cycle including mitosis; material will include
      • cell division in prokaryotes and eukaryotes
      • the importance of regulation in the cell cycle
      • what happens when regulatory signals are ignored in a cell
      • the role of mitosis from reproduction to growth and development
      • what happens when division goes out of control
  • Meiosis & Sexual Reproduction (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with how gametes are produced; material will include
      • comparison of meiosis and mitosis
      • independent assortment and crossing over
      • genetic variation and sexual reproduction
      • oogenesis and spermatogenesis
      • basics of fertilization
      • alternation of generations
  • Mendelian Patterns of Inheritance (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with genetics; material will include
      • Gregor Mendel and his work in understanding genetics
      • basic mechanisms of inheritance
      • Punnett squares
  • Chromosomal Patterns of Inheritance (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with pedigrees
    • inheritance of genetic disorders
    • testing options available for detection of genetic disorders in developing offspring
  • DNA Structure and Function (7% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with DNA and its role in an organism; material will include
      • structure of DNA
      • replication of DNA
      • central dogma of biology
  • Gene to Proteins, gene regulation (6% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with how proteins are created from genes and some basic regulatory mechanisms of genes
  • Biotechnology and Genomics (5% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with current applications of biology from a technological standpoint; material will include:
    • DNA fingerprinting
    • creation of genetically modified organisms
    • gene therapy
    • future implications for health benefits
  • Introduction to Evolutionary Theory (5% of class time)
    • This topic will familiarize students with Charles Darwin and the evidence he collected that brought him to the mechanisms responsible for the biodiversity on our planet; material will include
      • Darwin and his voyage
      • individual influential to the development of Darwin’s hypothesis
      • evidence supporting evolutionary theory

LAB TOPICS

Activity Title: Description: Student Outcome/Skills: Delivery Method: Time (hrs):
Data Presentation and Analysis Students will apply the scientific method to answer a question regarding behavioral choice Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem Hands on 2 hours
Units of Measurement Students will become more familiar with the metric system as well as common equipment used during labs Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting Hands on 2 hours
Solution Chemistry Students will make solutions and carry out exercises to explore pH and buffers Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; provide examples of homeostasis Hands on 2 hours
Introduction to Microscopes Students will learn how to use a microscope and learn to distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells as well as different types of eukaryotic cells Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; identify various cells types Hands on 2 hours
Histology Students will examine different plant and animal tissue and learn the groups to which those tissues belong Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; identify different tissue groups Hands on 2 hours
Cellular Transport Students will carry out different activities to demonstrate how water crosses a semi-permeable membrane as well as how cell size impacts diffusion Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; explain the concepts surrounding diffusion and osmosis in cell function Hands on 2 hours
Enzymes Students will explore how different environmental conditions affect the functionality of the enzyme perixodase Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; explain the concepts surrounding enzyme function Hands on 2 hours
Photosynthesis Students will explore the importance of different pigments in photosynthesis by identifying various types of pigment found in spinach leaves and then creating an absorbance spectrum for them Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; explain the concepts associated with wavelength and photosynthesis Hands on 2 hours
Cellular Respiration Students will explore how cellular respiration needs change with activity level Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; explain how energy needs relate to cellular respiration demands Hands on 2 hours
Mitosis Students will examine plant and animal cells undergoing different stages of cell division Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; identify cells in each stage of mitosis Hands on 2 hours
Genetics Students will use a model to demonstrate the relation between phenotype and genotype as well as to demonstrate the genetic diversity produced through meiosis Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; explain the concepts associated with Mendelian inheritance and meiosis Hands on 2 hours
DNA Electrophoresis Students will perform an electrophoresis and determine paternity of a child based on shared banding patterns of parents Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; explain the concepts DNA replication and basic heredity Hands on 2 hours
Anatomy Students will perform a fetal pig dissection and examine bones Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; identify internal and external structures of pig anatomy; identify bones associated with human anatomy Hands on 2 hours
Evolution Students will explore natural selection and its role in shaping current biodiversity Demonstrate the ability to apply the scientific method to solve a problem; explain the concepts surrounding natural selection Hands on 2 hours
Open Study Lab Students will review previous lab ideas and equipment Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting Hands on 2 hours
Lab Practical Students will be tested over concepts and use of lab equipment Demonstrate the ability to use scientific equipment in a lab setting; explain concepts covered throughout the semester Hands on 2 hours

TEXTBOOK / SPECIAL MATERIALS:

Biology for Majors OpenStax
LRNR Access Code
Lab Manual Custom Printing written by instructor


EVALUATION:
Midterm
Final Exam
Lab Practical
Quizzes
Lab Assignments
Other
25%
25%
10%
10%
10%
20%

Grading Scale:
A- 90%-100%
B- 80%-89%
C- 70%-79%
D- 60%-69%
F- 59% and below

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

STUDENT CONDUCT CODE:
Membership in the DACC community brings both rights and responsibility. As a student at DACC, you are expected to exhibit conduct compatible with the educational mission of the College. Academic dishonesty, including but not limited to, cheating and plagiarism, is not tolerated. A DACC student is also required to abide by the acceptable use policies of copyright and peer-to-peer file sharing. It is the student’s responsibility to become familiar with and adhere to the Student Code of Conduct as contained in the DACC Student Handbook. The Student Handbook is available in the Information Office in Vermilion Hall and online at: https://www.dacc.edu/student-handbook

DISABILITY SERVICES:
Any student who feels s/he may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should contact the Testing & Academic Services Center at 217-443-8708 (TTY 217-443-8701) or stop by Cannon Hall Room 103. Please speak with your instructor privately to discuss your specific accommodation needs in this course.

REVISION:
Fall 2019

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